Wildland Fires
Before a Wildfire
To prepare for wildfires, you should
  • Mark the entrance to your property with address signs that
    are clearly visible from the road
  • Keep lawns trimmed, leaves raked, and the roof and rain
    gutters free from debris such as dead limbs and leaves
  • Stack firewood at least 30 feet away from your residence
  • Store flammable materials, liquids, and solvents in metal
    containers outside your residence at least 30 feet away
    from structures and buildings
  • Create defensible space by thinning trees and brush
    within 30 feet around your residence. Beyond 30 feet,
    remove dead wood debris, and low tree branches
  • Landscape your property with fire resestant plants and
    vegetation to prevent fire from spreading quickly. For
    example, hardwood trees are mom fire-resistant than pine,
    evergreen, or fir trees
  • Make sure water sources, such as hydrants, ponds,
    swimming pools, and wells, are accessible to the fire
  • Use fire resistant, protective roofing materials like stone,
    brick, and metal to protect your residence. Avoid using
    wood materials. They offer the least fire protection
  • Cover all exterior vents, attics, and eaves with metal mesh
    screens no larger than 6 millimeters or 1/4 inch to prevent
    debris from collecting and to help keep sparks out.
  • Install multi-pane windows, tempered safety glass, or
    fireproof shutters to protect large windows from radiant
  • Use fire-resistant draperies for added window protection
  • Have chimneys, wood stoves, and all home heating
    systems inspected and cleaned annually by a certified
  • Insulate chimneys and place spark arresters on top. The
    chimney should be at least 3 feet above the roof
  • Remove branches hanging above and around the chimney
Follow Local Burning Laws
  • Before burning debris ina wooded area, make sure you
    notify local authorities obtain a burning permit, and follow
    these guidelines
  • Use an approved incinerator with a sifety lid or covering
    with holes no larger than 3/4 inch
  • Create at least a 10-foot clearing around the incinerator
    before burning debris
  • Have a fire extinguisher or garden hose on hand when
    burning debris

During a Wildfire
If a wildfire threatens your home and time permits, take the
following precautions
  • Shut off gas at the meter. Only a qualified prfessional can
    safely turn the gas back on
  • Seal attic and ground vents with pre-cut plywood or
    commercial seals
  • Turn off propane tanks
  • Place combustible patio furniture inside
  • Connect garden hose to outside taps. Place lawn
    sprinklers on the roof and near above-ground fuel tanks.
    Wet the roof.
  • Wet or remove shrubs within 15 feet of your residence
  • Gather fire tools such as a rake, axe, handsaw or
    chainsaw, bucket, and shovel
  • Back your car into the garage or park it in an open space
    facing the direction of escape. Shut doors and roll up
    windows. Leave the key in the ignition and the car doors
    unlocked. Disconnect automatic garage door openers
  • Open fireplace damper. Close fireplace screens
  • Close windows, vents, doors, blinds or noncombustible
    window coverings, and heavy drapes. Remove flammable
    drapes and curtains.
  • Move flammable furniture into the center of the residence
    away from windows and sliding-glass doors
  • Close all interior doors and windows to prevent drafts
  • Place valuables that will not be damaged by water in a
    pool or pond
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